Looking to the Golden Age of democracy in historical Athens, one finds self-government exercised as the capability to dominate others and demonstrate greatness through empire. The Athenian orator and common, Pericles, hyperlinks the political talents of Athenian males to a particular brand of martial courage. However, after the Athenian defeat in the Peloponnesian War, a distinct counter-tradition led by women, philosophers, and tragedians emerges. These thinkers articulate a critique of Pericles’ understanding of freedom, which stresses the hypocrisy of free individuals dominating others and describes a nascent model of self-rule with out violence.

Paradoxically (or possibly only to be expected?), that is additionally the period when Athens democracy became a ruthless imperialistic empire, which finally led to the end of its Golden Age. In this lecture sequence, Professor Jeremy McInerney of the University of Pennsylvania provides a balanced and nuanced evaluation of Athens’s golden age and eventual demise. I’ve become very fascinated within the fragility of democracy, and analyzing the primary democracy with the guidance of a scholar of his caliber was an absolute pleasure. This textbook supports OCR’s GCSE Ancient History Component 2.

The period of Greek historical past by which he lived and reigned is rightly known as the Age of Pericles because his initiatives allowed that era to flourish. Even at war, Pericles was in a place to maintain the social stability necessary for artwork, literature, and philosophy to flourish and the works of this age proceed to influence and inspire people around the world in the present day. Soon after the warfare began, the nice chief who had directed the city through the first conflict died in 429 BCE; the plague struck the town and Pericles was among its victims. Bereft of his leadership, the Athenians made mistake after mistake in their military decisions leading finally to their defeat by the Spartans in 404 BCE, the destruction of their metropolis’s walls, and their occupation and rule by Sparta.

It is to his insight, powers of persuasion and inspiration that we owe the great buildings of the Acropolis whose ruins nonetheless encourage males. Originally the Acropolis constituted the complete fortified metropolis in early chinese architecture, the organizational system is based on, but it spread down into the valleys over time. Destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC, it was rebuilt, nice walls enclosing it. McInerney begins the course on the finish of the Persian War.

During the next several many years, the league drove Persia out of the remaining Greek territories in Anatolia. Free of Persian domination, Greece grew richer through elevated abroad commerce. In the evening, upper-class men loved all-male gatherings where they ate, drank, and mentioned philosophy or politics. A spotlight of Pericles’ rule was rebuilding the Athenian Acropolis, including the Pantheon. Radicalisation of democracy in Athens; Cimon exiled, Pericles involves exercise influence. This article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic requirements prior to publication.

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